Daily Life in Ancient Rome
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ANCIENT ROME @ HADRIANS
The Roman Calendar
Following Julius Caesar reform of the Roman calendar, this is how it looked:
January: The first month of the Roman year was named after Janus, the Ancient Roman god of gates and doors. On January first, Ancient Romans worshipped and offered sacrifices to Janus so that he would bless the new year. (31 days).
February: From the Latin word februa, signifying festivals of purification celebrated in Rome this month. February was originally 29 days but one of those days was transferred to August. The Ancient Romans believed that King Numa Pompilus added this month in 425 BC. (28 days).
March: Named after the Roman war god, Mars. (31 days).
April: From the Latin word aperire, meaning to open, perhaps signiying the time of year when buds are opening. (30 days).
May: The month dedicated to maiores, or age. (31 days).
June: Possibly celebrates the Ancient Roman goddess Juno, or the Junius clan of Ancient Rome. (30 days).
July: After Julius Caesar. (31 days).
August: Named after emperor Augustus. Many important events in Augustus' life happened in this month. (31 days).
September: From the latin word Septem, seven. (30 days).
October: From the latin word Octem, eight. (31 days).
November: From the latin word Novem, nine. (30 days).
December: From the latin word Decem, ten. (31 days).
Before Julius Caesar reformed the Roman Calendar, June was originally Quintilus (five) and August sextus (six).