Homes for the well-off Roman Citizens were known as "Domus".
These were brick built houses with a second floor. They would have had a red tiled roof.
The domus would be arranged around a central courtyard, or "Atrium" with balconies over-looking the Atrium.
The Atrium was a part covered courtyard with a water-feature in the centre! The water-feature would collect rain water for the domus through a hole in the roof.
The domus would be decorated with paintings on the walls and beautiful mosaics on the floors.
These wealthy people would have a toilet and private bath within the domus, a luxury that was denied the poorer Roman Citizens, and thus the great majority of Ancient Rome's occupants.
Other rooms in the domus might include an office, a temple for worship, a library, several bedrooms, a dining room and a kitchen.
Largest "Domus", owned by Ancient Rome's wealthiest citizens would have a peristyle, or collonaded garden, with fountains, flowers, statues and wall paintings.
Most of these "Domus" would have been plumbed in and had running water and sewage disposal.... some even had central heating from underfloor hypocausts, though most would have been warmed by movable charcoal and wood-fired braziers.
Scroll down the page to see a list of the latin names for the different parts of a Roman House.
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The Emperor Hadrian ruled for 21 years from A.D. 117 until A.D. 138, when the Empire of Ancient Rome was at its height.
The Emperor Hadrian consolidated and strengthened The Roman Empire. He was The Roman Emperor responsible for the building of Hadrian's Wall in England.
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